De le lettere familiari? volume primo [-secondo]
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De le lettere familiari [...] volume primo [-secondo]

Autore: CARO, Annibale (1507-1566)

Dati tipografici: [Venezia] Bernardo Giunta e frat, 1581


Two parts in one volume, 4to; (8), 176 pp. (*4, A-L8); (8), 272 pp. (+4, A-R8). With the Medici-Capello's coat of arms on the title-pages and 13 woodcut empty circles in the text, that should have been filled out with emblems. Contemporary limp vellum. Three entries of ownership on the title-page: ‘Domini Celsi Rosini caesenatis et Abbatiae S. Cruci', ‘Di Giuseppe Estense Malaspina', ‘Di Gio. Fran. Agoselli‘. The present copy has been annotated throughout by an old hand, who has corrected many misprints and wrong dates, probably using a copy of the first Aldine edition of the work.

Adams, C-742; Basso, p. 265; Edit 16, CNCE 9653; Index Aureliensis, 132.477; Quondam, p. 293; P. Camerini, Annali dei Giunti, (Firenze, 1963), II, p. 464, no. 10.

 

FIRST GIUNTA EDITION, second issue. In the first issue the dedications of both volumes of the first Aldine edition, printed respectively in 1572 and 1575, have been maintained: volume I was dedicated by Giovanni Battista Caro, Annibal's nephew, to cardinal Girolamo da Correggio (Rome, March 1, 1572); volume II, by Annibal's brother, Lepido, to cardinal Tolomeo Gallio (Rome, November 12, 1575). In the second issue the first quires of both volumes have been completely reset. In volume I was printed a new dedication addressed by Bernardo Giunta to Francesco Tiepolo (Venice, August 25, 1581), whereas the dedication to Tolomeo Gallio in the second was maintained. Besides that, are found new capital letters at the beginning of the text in both volumes as well as all wrong numbering of the first issue was corrected. After this first edition, Giunta reprinted Caro's letters in 1582, 1587, and 1591/2.

Volume I contains 200 letters, mostly dated from November 1537 to April 1551; volume II 265 letters, almost all dated from April 1551 to July 1566. The letters are disposed in chronological order, although not strictly. Among the major recipients are Benedetto Varchi, Luca Martini, Luca Contile, Francesco Maria Molza, Giovanni Guidiccioni, and Pier Vettori (cf. A. Gareffi, “La lettera uccide, ma lo spirito vivifica” (Paolo, II, Corinzi 3:7). L'epistolario di Annibal Caro: lettere, letteratura, letteralità, in: “Le carte messaggiere. Retorica e modelli di comunicazione epistolare. Per un indice dei libri di lettere del Cinquecento”, A. Quondam, ed., Roma, 1981, pp. 237-253).

In 1572 and 1575 Paolo Manuzio posthumous published the first edition of Caro's Lettere familiari. Of the 465 letters included in the collection only 29 had already been printed in earlier anthologies, e.g. that of the same Manuzio (1542), of Paolo Gherardo (1554), Ludovico Dolce (1554), and Dionigi Atanagi (1554). Caro, who for long time had refused to collect and publish his epistolary, at the insistence of Manuzio in 1555 eventually accepted to comply to the request. He then gathered all the original of his letters he could find, made a selection (e.g. discarding those written on the account of his patrons), and corrected them. He then charged his nephew Giovanni Battista to copy all the texts in one manuscript (called by him “registro”), and finally burned the originals “per levarmi da torno la confusion di tanti scartabelli”. This manuscript has been recently identified as the Italian codex 1707 of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (cf. A. Caro, Lettere familiari, A. Greco, ed., Firenze, 1957-1961, I, pp. XVII-XXV).

“The private letters of Annibal Caro collectively offer numerous insights into the literary, scholarly, artistic, and political life of mid-sixteenth-century Italy. Even if it were not for the sheer bulk of Caro's correspondence, and its even distribution throughout the years of his maturity, it would constitute an important historical source simply because he had such a broad range of interests and such a wide circle of friends. As a personal secretary, first to Monsignor Giovanni Gaddi, then to Alessandro and Pier Luigi Farnese, and as a friend of both Marcello Cervini (Marcellus II) and Giovanni Antonio Fachinetti (Innocent IX), Caro had extensive inside knowledge of the political and ecclesiastical activities of the Roman curia at its highest levels. On the other hand, as a friend of Pietro Carnesecchi and Giulia Gonzaga, and as an interested follower of the career of Bernardo Ochino, and as the bitter opponent of Lodovico Castelvetro in a lengthy literary dispute, he also had the opportunity to witness from a favorable vantage point several important episodes in the history of Italian heterodoxy. Moreover, his association with Pietro Bembo, Sperone Speroni, Benedetto Varchi, Bernardo Tasso, Pietro Aretino, Francesco Molza, and Francesco Berni brought him into touch with virtually all the literary and critical trends of the sixteenth century. Finally, as a friend of Michelangelo, Giorgio Vasari, Benvenuto Cellini, Agnolo Bronzino, and Niccolò Tribolo, and as an expert iconographer in his own right, he came into contact with, and left his mark on, significant artistic developments of the same period” (R.S. Samuels, An Addition to Annibal Caro's ‘Lettere Familiari', in: “Renaissance Quartely”, 27/3, 1974, p. 300; see also R. Gordiani, Annibal Caro, conseilleur culturel et artistique dans ses ‘Lettere familiari', in: “La Correspondence (II)”, G. Ulysse, ed., Aix-en-Provence, 1985, pp. 237-258).

“Des sujets et de longueurs très variés, les lettres de Caro réalisent une synthèse harmonieuse entre la rhétorique et le naturel. On relèvera la lettere sur ‘la miseria dello scrivere', la célèbre lettre de consolation à Isabetta Arnolfina de' Guidiccioni pour la mort de son frère l'évêque, la non moins célèbre lettre à B. Tasso contre les ‘Signorie' et la troisième personne de politesse, de nombreuses lettres à des artistes, les lettres de relations d'affaires ou de courtoisie, les lettres amicales et souriantes entre humanistes, etc[…]. Les lettres du [deuxième] volume ont les mêmes caractéristiques que celles du premier. On ne relèvera que quatre longues lettres: d'une part, trois propositions de décoration, pour le palais de Capraiola en 1562, pour une loggia en 1564, et pour le ‘studio' du cardinal Farnèse en 1565, d'autre part, une description des dévises de quelque grands et leur interprétation. Cette dernière lettre addressée à la duchesse d'Urbin le 15 janvier 1563, manuscrite, devait comporter les dessins des devises commentées. Dans le text imprimé, chacune n'est plus représentée que par une circonférence, et le commentaire qui suit commence plusieurs fois par ‘questa [impresa]'[…] Entre cette [Giunta] édition et la première de chaque volume, les varinates, minimes, concernent surtout la graphie” (J. Basso, Le genre épistolaire en langue italienne (1538-1662). Répertoire chronologique et analytique, Roma & Nancy, 1990, pp. 264-265).

 

(Volume I:)

Martelli, Ugolino. Roma, [January, 1537] (p. 1)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. [January 10, 1538] (p. 1)

id. Roma, November 12, 1537 (p. 2)

Martini, Luca. Roma, January 4, 1538 (p. 2)

Vettori, Pier. Roma, January 4, 1538 (p. 3)

Martini, Luca. Roma, January 19, 1538 (p. 3)

Vettori, Pier. Roma, January 19, 1538 (p. 4)

Manuzio, Paolo. [Roma, January 24, 1538] (p. 4)

Ardinghelli, [Niccolò]. Roma, January 27, 1538 (p. 5)

Vettori, Pier. Roma, February 2, 1538 (p. 5)

Ardinghelli, [Niccolò]. Roma, February 4, 1538 (p. 6)

Ai familiari di Monsig. de' Gaddi in Roma (To the relatives and friends of Giovanni Gaddi). Castro, October 13, 1537 [recte 1532] (p. 6)

Ardinghelli, [Niccolò]. Roma, February 8, 1538 (p. 9)

[Sinibaldi, Raffaele]. Roma, February 16, 1538 (p. 10)

Masacconi, Giovanni Pietro. Roma, February 20, 1538 (p. 10)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. Roma, March 4, 1533 [recte March 10, 1538] (p. 10)

Ardinghelli, [Niccolò]. Roma, March 22, 1538 (p. 11)

Vettori, Pier. Roma, March 23, 1538 (p. 12)

id. Roma, March 23, 1538 (p. 12)

Maffei, Bernardino. Roma, April 10, 1538 (p. 13)

Guidiccioni, [Giovanni]. Roma, April 8, 1538 (p. 14)

Leoni, Giovanni Francesco. [Roma], April 10, 1538 (p. 16)

Silvestro da Prato. Velletri, April 30, 1538 (p. 17)

Gaddi, [Giovanni]. Piperno, May 1, 1538 (p. 22)

Porrino, Gandolfo. Napoli, May 10, 1538 (p. 23)

Molza, [Francesco Maria]. Napoli, May 10, 1538 (p. 24)

Guidiccioni, [Giovanni]. Napoli, May 10, 1538 (p. 25)

Molza, [Francesco Maria]. Napoli, May 18, 1538 (p. 26)

id. Napoli, May 25, 1538 (p. 29)

Guidiccioni, [Giovanni]. Napoli, July 13, 1538 (p. 30)

Salvatori, Mattio. Napoli, June 29, 1538 (p. 33)

Guidiccioni, [Giovanni]. Roma, August 22, 1538 (p. 34)

[Porrino], Gandolfo. Roma, August 31, 1538 (p. 35)

Frescaruolo, [Jacopo Antonio]. Roma, September 21, 1538 (p. 36)

Cenami, Francesco. Roma, September 28, 1538 (p. 36)

Galletti, [Giovanni Battista]. Roma, November 2, 1538 (p. 36)

Manuzio, [Paolo]. Roma, December, 1538 [recte 1537] (p. 37)

[Pericoli, Niccolò], Il Tribolo. Roma, December 21, 1538 (p. 38)

Cesati, Alessandro. Napoli, May 25, 1538 [recte February 25, 1539] (p. 38)

id. (p. 39)

Cenami, Francesco. Roma, March 15, 1539 (p. 39)

[Carnesecchi, Pietro]. Roma, May 2, 1538 [recte 1539] (p. 40)

Vettori, Pier. Roma, May 2, 1539 (p. 41)

Frescaruolo, [Jacopo Antonio]. Roma, May 10, 1539 (p. 42)

Cenami, [Francesco]. Piperno, June 21, 1539 [recte May 10, 1539] (p. 42)

id. Roma, June 12, 1539 (p. 43)

Ardinghelli, [Niccolò]. Roma, May 13 [recte 18], 1539 (p. 43)

Francesi, Mattio. Roma, May 4 [recte 3], 1539 (p. 45)

id. Roma, May 28, 1539 (p. 48)

Martini, Luca. Roma, June 14, 1539 (p. 49)

Tramezzino, Giuseppe. Roma, September 21, 1538 [recte June 16, 1539] (p. 49)

Martini, Luca. Roma, July 15, 1538 [recte 1539] (p. 50)

Notturno, Anton Simone. Roma, July 28 [recte 18], 1539 (p. 50)

Martini, Luca. Roma, July 28, 1539 (p. 51)

Francesi, Mattio. Roma, August 10, 1539 (p. 52)

Cenami, Francesco. Roma, August 16, 1539 (p. 52)

Martini, Luca. Roma, August 23, 1539 (p. 53)

id. Roma, November 22, 1539 (p. 54)

Alamanni, Luigi. Forlì, December, 1539 (p. 55)

id. Forlì, January 30, 1540 (p. 55)

Beccari, Francesco. Forlì, January 2, 1540 (p. 56)

Bernardi, Giovanni Battista. Faenza, January 6, 1540 (p. 56)

[Spiriti, Cristoforo], Bishop of Cesena. Faenza, January 6, 1540 (p. 58)

Facchinetti, Giovanni Antonio. Faenza, January 2 [recte 11], 1540 (p. 58)

Manuzio, Paolo. Ravenna, January 20, 1540 (p. 59)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. Ravenna, January 21, 1540 (p. 59)

Alamanni, Luigi. Ravenna, January 28, 1540 (p. 59)

Antonioli, Alberto. Forlì, February 3, 1540 (p. 60)

Bernardi, Giovanni Battista. Forlì, February 4, 1540 (p. 60)

Gaddi, [Giovanni]. Forlì, December 1539 [recte February 4, 1540] (p. 61)

Bernardi, Giovanni Battista. S. Maria del Monte, August 12, 1540 (p. 62)

Gaddi, [Giovanni]. Forlì, March 13, 1540 (p. 63)

Leoni, Giovanni Francesco. Forlì, May 20, 1540 (p. 64)

Guidiccioni, [Giovanni]. Roma, July 10, 1540 (p. 64)

Della Casa, [Giovanni]. Civ[itanova], November 7, 1540 (p. 66)

Allegretti, Antonio. Monte Granaro, November 10 [recte 11], 1540 (p. 66)

Guidiccioni, [Giovanni]. Monte Granaro, November 20, 1540 (p. 67)

Francesi, Mattio. Monte Granaro, November 20, 1540 (p. 68)

Foggini, Lorenzo. Monte Granaro, November 20, 1540 (p. 68)

[Piccolomini, Marcantonio], Il Sodo Intornato and [Barozzi, Antonio], Il Diserto Intornato. Serra S. Quirico, December 14 [recte 13], 1540 (p. 69)

Piccolomini, Marcantonio. Serra S. Quirico (p. 71)

Vettori, Pier. Roma, March 31, 1541 (p. 76)

Cenami, Francesco. Roma, June 11, 1541 (p. 77)

A la Comunità di Monte Granaro (to Monte Granaro's community). Roma, July 3, 1540 [recte 1541] (p. 78)

Orsuccio, Bartolomeo. Roma, August 31, 1541 (p. 79)

Arnolfini Guidiccioni, Isabetta. Roma, [October 26], 1541 (p. 80)

Manuzio, Paolo. [Roma, November 6, 1541] (p. 86)

Casale, Antonio Maria. Roma, March 7, 1541 [rcete 1542] (p. 86)

Varchi, Benedetto. Roma, March 21, 1542 (p. 87)

Foggini, Lorenzo. Roma, May 15, 1542 (p. 88)

Stella, Giovanni Francesco. Roma, August 17, 1542 (p. 89)

Allegretti, Antonio. Civitanova, October 22, 1542 (p. 89)

[Gaddi, Taddeo], Archbishop of Cosenza. Civitanova, [October, 1542] (p. 90)

Lallo, Antonio. Roma, July 17, 1542 (p. 92)

Al Cardinal [Farnese, Alessandro?]. Roma, August 17, 1542 (p. 92)

Ottone, Antonio. Roma, February 28, 1543 (p. 93)

Pacini, Giovanni. Roma, April 22, 1543 (p. 93)

[Orsini, Girolama], Duchess of Castro. Roma, May 11, 1543 (p. 94)

Ruffino, Alessandro. Roma, May 19, 1543 (p. 94)

Molza, [Francesco Maria]. Roma, May 19, 1543 (p. 95)

Cenami, Francesco. Roma, June 2, 1543 (p. 96)

Sauli, [Giulio?]. Roma, June 21, 1543 (p. 96)

A Monsignor. Roma, June 21, 1543 (p. 97)

[Porrino], Gandolfo. Piacenza, June 23, 1543 (p. 97)

Foggini, Lorenzo. Roma, June 28, 1543 (p. 98)

Tolomei, Claudio. Castro, July 29 [recte 28], 1543 (p. 99)

id. Ronciglione, August 5, 1543 (p. 101)

Martorello, Filippo. Roma, October 6, 1543 (p. 102)

Aldobrandi, Giovanni. Roma, October 6, 1543 (p. 102)

Martini, Luca. Roma, June, 1543 (p. 103)

Farnese, Ranuccio. Roma, December 16 [recte 15], 1543 (p. 104)

Benci, Trifone. Roma (p. 104)

Molza, [Francesco Maria]. Roma, June 2, 1543 [recte January 2, 1544] (p. 105)

Farnese, Ranuccio. Roma, January 5, 1544 (p. 105)

Molza, [Francesco Maria]. Roma, February 2, 1544 (p. 106)

Salviati, Francesco. Roma, February 30 [recte 29], 1544 (p. 107)

Varchi, Benedetto. Roma, March 6 [recte 13], 1544 (p. 109)

Bonfadio, Jacopo. Roma, April 26, 1544 (p. 110)

[Varchi, Benedetto]. [a. June 15, 1544] (p. 111)

Venturi, Francesco. Piacenza, June 17, 1544 (p. 111)

Tansillo, Luigi. Piacenza, June 15, 1544 (p. 112)

Tolomei, Claudio. Piacenza, June 20, 1544 (p. 113)

Spina, Bernardo. Ponte Mansone, August 12, 1544 (p. 114)

Contile, Luca. Saint-Dizier, August 20, 1544 (p. 116)

Filareto, Apollonio. [Bruxelles, October-November 1544] (p. 117)

Maurello, Giovanni Alfonso. Anvers, December 13, 1544 (p. 117)

Tasso, Bernardo. Bruxelles, [December, 1544] (p. 121)

Francesi, Mattio. Bruxelles, December 1, 1544 (p. 123)

Spina, Bernardo. Roma (p. 123)

Contile, Luca (p. 124)

Gherardi, Giovanni Pietro. Piacenza, June 15, 1545 (p. 124)

[Ricasoli, Giovanni Battista], Bishop of Cortona. Piacenza, August 5, 1545 (p. 124)

Albicante, [Giovanni Alberto]. Piacenza, July 4, 1545 (p. 126)

[Leoni], Leone. Piacenza, July 4, 1545 (p. 126)

De' Rossi, Roberto. [Piacenza, September 15, 1545] (p. 127)

A M. N. [Aretino, Pietro]. Civitanova, October 22, 1545 (p. 128)

[Orsini, Girolama]. Piacenza, March 27, 1546 (p. 129)

Villa, [Giacomo?] (p. 129)

Spina, Bernardo. Piacenza, April [5], 1546 (p. 130)

A l'Arciprete Cirillo. Piacenza, April 30, 1546 (p. 130)

Spina, Bernardo. May 1, 1546 (p. 130)

[Silva, Miguel da], Cardinal Viseo. Piacenza, May, 1546 (p. 131)

A la Communità di Civitanova (to the community of Civitanova). Piacenza, May, 1546 (p. 132)

Maffei, Bernardino. Piacenza, July 29, 1545 [recte June 6, 1546] (p. 135)

Pacini, Salvatore. Piacenza, July 29, 1546 (p. 135)

Contile, [Luca]. Piacenza, September 11, 1546 (p. 136)

Vasari, Giorgio. Piacenza, [September 17, 1546] (p. 136)

[Orsini, Girolama], Duchess of Castro. Roma (p. 137)

n.r. Piacenza, September 17, 1546 (p. 138)

[Farnese, Ranuccio], Cardinal Sant'Angelo. Piacenza, September 27, 1546 (p. 138)

Contile, Luca. Piacenza, October 2, 1546 (p. 139)

[Moccia, Bernardino]. Piacenza, October 16, 1546 (p. 140)

[Aragona, Maria d'], Marquess of Vasto. Piacenza, November 16, 1546 (p. 141)

id. Parma, November 25, 1546 (p. 142)

id. Parma, December 3, 1546 (p. 143)

Bianchi, Bernardino. Piacenza, December 15, 1546 (p. 143)

Piccolomini, Marcantonio. [Piacenza?], March 17, 1547 (p. 144)

Ardinghelli, [Niccolò]. Piacenza, April 12, 1547 (p. 144)

Bianchi, Bernardino. Piacenza, April 13, 1547 (p. 144)

Manuzio, Paolo. Piacenza, April 15, 1547 (p. 245, i.e. 145)

Farnese, Vittoria, Duchess of Urbino. Piacenza, July 5, 1547 (p. 147)

[Capodiferro, Girolamo]. Piacenza, July 20, 1547 (p. 147)

[Ricasoli, Giovanni Battista], Bishop of Cortona. Piacenza, July 20, 1547 (p. 148)

Farnese, [Alessandro]. Piacenza, August 3, 1547 (p. 149)

Martelli, Vincenzo. Piacenza, August 12, 1547 (p. 150)

Orsucci, Bartolomeo. Piacenza, August 30, 1547 (p. 150)

Tomasini, Luca. Piacenza, September 1, 1547 (p. 151)

[Farnese, Ranuccio], Cardinal Sant'Angelo. Piacenza, September 3, 1547 (p. 152)

id. Parma, September 19, 1547 (p. 153)

Farnese, [Alessandro]. Parma, September 19, 1547 (p. 153)

Contile, Luca. Roma, December 15, 1547 (p. 154)

[Aragona, Maria, d'], Marquess of Vasto. Roma, December 15, 1547 (p. 156)

Cicala, [Giovanni Battista]. Roma, December 15, 1547 (p. 156)

Vasari, Giorgio. Roma, December 11, 1547 (p. 157)

Benvoglienti, Fabio. Roma, February 25, 1548 (p. 158)

Spina, Bernardo. Roma, April 20, 1548 (p. 159)

Garofolo, Matteo. Roma, April 20, 1548 (p. 160)

Manrique, Jorge. Roma, April 27, 1548 (p. 1609

[Briseña] Manrique, Isabella. Roma, April 27, 1548 (p. 161)

Vasari, Giorgio. Roma, May 10, 1548 (p. 162)

Garimberti, Briseida. Roma, May 24, 1548 (p. 163)

Rota, Bernardino. Roma, October 7, 1548 (p. 164)

[Farnese, Vittoria], Duchess of Urbino. Roma, November 3, 1548 (p. 164)

id. Roma, November 12, 1548 (p. 165)

id. Roma, November 22, 1548 (p. 166)

Spina, Bernardo. Roma, December 28, 1548 (p. 166)

Di Costanzo, Angelo. Roma, March 8, 1549 (p. 167)

[Della Rovere, Guidobaldo], Duke of Urbino. Roma, March 30, 1549 (p. 167)

[Farnese, Vittoria], Duchess of Urbino. Roma, May 12, 1549 (p. 268, i.e. 168)

Facchinetti, Giovanni Antonio. Roma, July 6, 1549 (p. 268, i.e. 168)

Mentovato, [Camillo]. Roma, July 6, 1549 (p. 169)

Ravaschiero. Roma, September 20, 1549 (p. 169)

Allegretti, Antonio. Roma, April 18, 1550 (p. 170)

[Aragona, Maria, d'], Marquess of Vasto. Gradoli, July 13, 1550 (p. 172)

Aferonimo, Remigio. Roma, February 13, 1551 (p. 172)

Gonzaga, Giulia. Roma, February 14, 1551 (p. 173)

Colonna, Vittoria. Roma, Febraio 15, 1551 (p. 173)

Manrique, Jorge. Roma, February 15, 1551 (p. 174)

Tansillo, Luigi. Roma, April 4, 1551 (p. 175)

[Farnese, Ottavio], Duke of Parma. Roma, April 10, 1551 (p. 175)

 

(Volume II:)

[Cervini, Marcello], Cardinal of Santa Croce. S[…?], 1551 (p. 1)

Burlamacchi, Gherardo. Roma, April 27, 1551 (p. 2)

Soperchio, Girolamo. Roma, May 15, 1551 (p. 3)

n.r. Roma (p. 4)

Francolini, Lucio. Roma, June 3, 1551 (p. 4)

Carrafa, Ferrante. Roma, July 5, 1551 (p. 5)

Antoniano, Silvio. Roma, October 25, 1551 (p. 5)

[Aragona, Maria d'], Marquess of Vasto. Roma, November 16, 1551 (p. 7)

A l'auditore de lo Stato. [ca. 1560] (p. 8)

Tolomei, Claudio. Roma, February 27, 1552 (p. 8)

Colonna, Vittoria. Roma, April 2, 1552 (p. 9)

Spina, Bernardo and Manrique, Jorge. Roma, July 23, 1552 (p. 10)

Battiferri, Laura. Roma, August 6, 1552 (p. 11)

Della Casa, [Giovanni]. Roma, November 18, 1552 (p. 11)

[Farnese, Ranuccio], Cardinal Sant'Angelo. Roma, December 8, 1552 (p. 13)

Della Casa, [Giovanni]. Roma, December 24, 1552 (p. 15)

Nizzolio, Mario. Roma, May 27, 1553 (p. 18)

Farnese, [Alessandro]. Roma, January 28, 1553 (p. 18)

Navagiero, Bernardo. Roma, February 21, 1553 (p. 21)

Varchi, Benedetto. Roma, February 25, 1553 (p. 22)

n.r. Roma, April 6, 1553 (p. 23)

Campi, Alfonso. Roma, May 20, 1553 (p. 23)

Dolce, [Ludovico]. Roma, June 24, 1553 (p. 25)

Bailetto, Caterina. Roma, June 23 [recte 24], 1553 (p. 25)

Farnese, [Alessandro]. Roma, August 2, 1553 (p. 26)

Farnese, Violante. Roma, August 5, 1553 (p. 27)

Gallo, Antonio. Roma, August 20, 1553 (p. 28)

Sala, [Jacopo]. Roma, September 30, 1553 (p. 29)

[Mentovato, Camillo], Bishop of Satriano. Roma, October 12, 1553 (p. 29)

Gallo, Antonio. Roma, November 17, 1553 (p. 30)

Silvago, Rafael. Roma, November 24, 1553 (p. 31)

Porta, Costanzo. Roma, November 15, 1553 (p. 32)

Pepi, Sertorio. Roma, November 11, 1553 (p. 33)

De Rossi, Galeazzo. Roma, December 16, 1553 (p. 33)

Silvago, Rafael. Roma, June 16, 1553 [recte 1554] (p. 34)

Della Rovere, Girolamo. Capranica, July 4, 1554 (p. 35)

Spinelli, Nicolò. Capranica, August 13, 1554 (p. 35)

Ruscelli, Girolamo. Capranica, [August, 1554] (p. 36)

Mantini, Graziadio. Capranica, August 22, 1554 (p. 37)

n.r. Roma, September 27, 1554 (p. 38)

[Sengle, Claude de la], Grand Master of the Order of Malta. Roma, January 12, 1555 (p. 38)

Vinadera, Turcopiliero de la Religione di Rodi. Roma, January 12, 155 (p. 39)

Rota, Bernardino. Roma, March 28, 1555 (p. 39)

Varchi, Benedetto. Roma, May 16 [recte 17], 1555 (p. 40)

Cesarini, Alessandro. Roma, June 6, 1555 (p. 44)

[Mirto, Fabio], Bishop of Caiazzo. Roma, June 8, 1555 (p. 44)

Ottone, Antonio. Roma, June 15, 1555 (p. 44)

Fontana, Vincenzo. Roma, July 13, 1555 (p. 45)

Antoniano, Silvio. Roma, August 15, 1555 (p. 46)

[Lenzi, Lorenzo], Bishop of Fermo. Roma, November 13, 1555 (p. 47)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. Roma, [November, 1555] (p. 48)

Feretti, iovanni. Roma, September 14, 1555 (p. 49)

Corrado, Giacomo. Roma, November 24, 1555 (p. 50)

Maffei, [Marcantonio]. Roma, November 30, 1555 (p. 51)

Manuzio, Paolo. Roma, January 18, 1556 (p. 51)

Antoniano, Silvio. Roma, January 25, 1556 (p. 52)

Pigna, Giovanni Battista. Roma, January 25, 1556 (p. 53)

Battiferri, Laura. Parma, October 13, 1556 (p. 54)

Sala, [Jacopo]. Parma, December 28 [recte 27], 1556 (p. 55)

Papio, Giovan Angelo. Parma, December 27, 1556 (p. 55)

Caro, Giovanni Battista. Parma, December 27, 1556 (p. 57)

Bertani, Lucia. Roma [recte Parma], January 1, 1556 [recte 1557] (p. 57)

Puglia, Ermellina. Parma, January 1, 1556 [recte 1557] (p. 61)

[Madruzzo, Cristoforo]. Parma, January 27, 1557 (p. 62)

Contile, Luca. Parma, January 27, 1557 (p. 63)

Bertani, Lucia. Parma, February 3, 1557 (p. 64)

Puglia, Ermellina. Parma, February, 1557 (p. 65)

Corrado, Giacomo. Parma, March 10, 1557 (p. 65)

Grimaldi, Giovan Battista. Parma, March 19, 1557 (p. 66)

A… Academico, a Bologna. Parma (p. 67)

[Gaddi, Taddeo]. Parma, March 22, 1557 (p. 67)

[Lenzi, Lorenzo], Bishop of Fermo. Parma, March 22, 1557 (p. 68)

Corandini, Claudio. Parma, April 15, 1557 (p. 68)

Gallo, Giulio. Parma, April 27, 1557 (p. 69)

id. Parma, April 30 [recte 28], 1557 (p. 70)

Gualteri, Felice. Parma, May 4, 1557 (p. 70)

Varchi, Benedetto. Parma, August 5, 1557 (p. 71)

Rangoni, Claudia. Parma, September 27, 1557 (p. 73)

Ponti, Cesare. Parma, September 20 [recte 27], 1557 (p. 75)

Ardinghelli, [Giuliano]. Parma, October 20, 1557 (p. 75)

Gallo, Giulio. Parma, November 27, 1557 (p. 77)

Rangoni, Claudia. Parma, December 15, 1557 (p. 77)

Puglia, Ermellina. Parma, December 25, 1557 (p. 78)

Figliucci, [Felice], Bishop of Chiusi. Parma, January 21, 1557 [recte 1558] (p. 79)

Guasconi, [Cencio]. Parma, February 9, 1558 (p. 79)

Manuzio, Paolo. Parma, February 10, 1558 (p. 80)

Lando, Giulio. Parma, February 20, 1558 (p. 81)

Carafa, [Carlo]. Parma, February 25, 1558 (p. 82)

Varchi, Benedetto. Parma, March 8, 1553 [recte 1558] (p. 82)

[Valette, Jean de la], Grand Master of the Order of Malta. Parma, April 6, 1558 (p. 84)

Bosio, Giannotto. Parma, April 6, 1558 (p. 85)

Cambiano, Giuseppe. Parma, April 6, 1558 (p. 86)

[Malvicini, Giulio]. Parma, April 6, 1558 (p. 86)

Silvago, [Raffaele]. Parma, April 26, 1558 (p. 87)

Bosio, Giannotto. Parma, April 26, 1558 (p. 88)

Fornari, Angelo. Parma, April 27, 1558 (p. 88)

Anguissola, Luigi. Parma, May 16, 1558 (p. 89)

Roberti, Antonio. Parma, June 1, 1558 (p. 89)

Panvinio, Onofrio. Parma, June 1, 1558 (p. 90)

Ruscelli, Girolamo. Parma, June 30, 1558 (p. 92)

Sfondrati, [Paolo]. Parma, August 18, 1558 (p. 94)

Gallo, Giulio. Parma, August 22 [recte 12], 1558 (p. 95)

Paleotti, Camillo. [Parma, August-September, 1558] (p. 96)

Machiavelli, Tommaso. Parma, September 6, 1558 (p. 96)

Ardinghelli, [Giuliano]. Parma, September 22, 1558 (p. 97)

Roberti, Ugo Antonio. Parma, October 1, 1558 (p. 98)

Alberghetti, Bernardino. Parma, November 21, 1558 (p. 99)

Anguissola, Amilcare. Parma, December 23, 1558 (p. 100)

Agli Academici di Bologna (to the Academicians of Bologna). Parma, December 25, 1558 (p. 101)

Bergonzi, Bernardo. Parma, January 1, 1559 (p. 102)

Grimaldi, Giovanni Battista. Parma, January, 1559 (p. 102)

Lando, Giulio. [Parma, January 1559] (p. 103)

Bianchi, Daniele. Parma, January 13, 1559 (p. 103)

Gallo, Antonio. Parma, January 13, 1559 (p. 104)

Cambi, Alfonso. Parma, March 1, 1559 (p. 105)

A la comunità di Canneto (to the community of Canneto). Parma, March 8, 1559 (p. 106)

Pallavicino, Giuseppe. Parma, March 8, 1559 (p. 106)

Giova, Giuseppe. Parma, March 17, 1559 (p. 107)

Zoboli, Francesco. Civitanova, May 29, 1559 (p. 108)

Nizolio, Mario. Civitanova, May 29, 1559 (p. 108)

Pallavicino, Lucrezia. Civitanova, May 29, 1559 (p. 109)

Palmia, Antonio. Civitanova, May 29, 1559 (p. 110)

Anguissola, Amilcare. Parma, July 14, 1559 (p. 111)

[Asinari, Federico], Count of Camerano. Mantova, July 22 [recte 21], 1559 (p. 112)

Bonaventura, Piero. Firmignano, August 16, 1559 (p. 113)

n.r. Roma, October 21, 1559 (p. 114)

n.r. Roma, October 21, 1560 [recte 1559] (p. 116)

Cesarini, Giuliano. Roma, January, 25, 1560 (p. 117)

Giova, Giuseppe. Roma, February 3, 1560 (p. 118)

id. Roma, May 4, 1560 (p. 119)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. Roma, May 10, 1560 (p. 119)

Rota, Bernardino. Roma, May 10, 1560 (p. 121)

Machiavelli, Tommaso. Roma, May 24, 1560 (p. 122)

Martini, Luca. Roma, May 25, 1560 (p. 123)

Canonico di Tivoli (to the Canon of Tivoli). Roma, May 25, 1560 (p. 123)

Rota, Bernardino. Roma, May, 1560 (p. 124)

Ammirato, [Scipione]. Roma, May 1560 (p. 125)

Passero, [Marco Antonio]. [Roma, May, 1560] (p. 125)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. Roma, May 35 [recte 25], 1560 (p. 126)

id. Roma, June 25, 1560 (p. 128)

Aldrovandi, Giovanni. Roma, June 19, 1560 (p. 129)

Gallio, Tolomeo. Caprarola, August 23, 1560 (p. 129)

[Farnese, Ranuccio], Cardinal Sant'Angelo. Bagnarea, September 6, 1560 (p. 130)

[Valette, Jean de la]. [September-October, 1560] (p. 131)

Landriani, Francesco. De la mia Commenda di S. Giovanni presso Viterbo, October 5, 1560 (p. 131)

Recuperato, [Andrea]. S. Giovanni, October 13, 1560 (p. 133)

Orsini, Ludovico. S. Giovanni, November 14, 1560 (p. 133)

Nobili, Flaminio. Roma, January 25, 1561 (p. 134)

Savoia, [Emanuele] di. Roma, February 23, 1561 (p. 135)

[Austriaco, Girolamo], Cardinal of Correggio. Roma, March 15, 1561 (p. 136)

Machiavelli, Tommaso. Roma, May 2, 1561 (p. 136)

Rangoni, Claudia. Roma, April 25 [recte 26], 1561 (p. 137)

Gallo, Giulio. Roma, April 26, 1561 (p. 138)

Al Signor di Maniera. Roma, April 25, 1561 (p. 138)

Capilupi, Ippolito. Roma, May 30, 1561 (p. 139)

Giova, Giuseppe. Roma, May 24, 1561 (p. 141)

Spiriti, Sebastiano. Roma, July 26, 1561 (p. 142)

Spiriti, Giulio. Roma, August 1, 1561 (p. 144)

Spiriti, Sebastiano. Roma, August 1, 1561 (p. 147)

Giova, Giuseppe. Roma, August 2 [recte 9], 1561 (p. 148)

Spiriti, Giulio. Roma, August 16, 1561 (p. 149)

Orsini, Fulvio. [Roma], August 26, 1561 (p. 150)

Gualtieri, Felice. Roma, August 31, 1561 (p. 151)

Prevosto di Zoboli (to the Provost of Zoboli). Roma, September 7, 1562 [recte 1561] (p. 151)

Commendone, [Francesco Giovanni]. Roma, September 13, 1561 (p. 152)

[Figliucci, Felice], Bishop of Chiusi. Roma, November 1, 1561 (p. 154)

H. & H. [Bilacqua, Adriano and Bilacqua, Lorenzo]. Roma, November 25, 1561 (p. 155)

N. [Nobili, Antonio]. Roma, November 25, 1561 (p. 156)

[Lenzi, Lorenzo]. Bishop of Fermo. Roma, February 6, 1562 (p. 156)

[Savorgnan, Girolamo], Bishop of Sebenic. Roma, February 21, 1562 (p. 157)

Corrado, [Giacomo]. Roma, February 21, 1562 (p. 158)

id. Roma, February 28, 1562 (p. 159)

A li Signori Priori de la Ripa di Transone (to the Priors of Ripatransone). Roma, January 30, 1562 (p. 160)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. Roma, January 30, 1562 (p. 160)

Stufa, Piero. Roma, January 30, 1562 (p. 161)

Commendone, [Francesco Giovanni]. Roma, March 21, 1562 (p. 162)

Cambi Importuni, Alfonso. Roma, [March 29], 1562 (p. 163)

[Farnese, Vittoria], Duchess of Urbino. Roma, June 6, 1562 (p. 165)

id. Roma, January [recte June] 13, 1562 (p. 165)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. Roma, June 20, 1562 (p. 166)

Guidetti, Lorenzo. Roma, June 20, 1562 (p. 169)

Manrique, Jorge. Roma, July 18, 1560 [recte 1562] (p. 170)

Giova, Giuseppe. Roma, August 1, 1562 (p. 172)

Spiriti, Calidonia and Amari, Ippolita in the name of Caro, Alessandra. Roma, August 7, 1562 (p. 172)

[Ardinghelli, Luigi], Vice-legate of Viterbo. Roma, August 11, 1562 (p. 174)

Orsini, Fulvio. Roma, September 15, 1562 (p. 175)

Battiferri, Laura. Roma, October 26 [recte 16], 1562 (p. 178)

Zuccari, Taddeo. Roma, November 2, 1562 (p. 180)

Gualtieri, Felice. Roma, November 15, 1562 (p. 190)

Ripa, Giovanni Carlo. Roma, January 2, 1563 (p. 191)

Sfondrati, [Paolo]. Roma, January 2, 1563 (p. 191)

Gosellini, Giuliano. Roma, January 16, 1563 (p. 192)

[Figliucci, Felice], Bishop of Chiusi. Roma, January 22, 1563 (p. 193)

[Farnese, Vittoria], Duchess of Urbino. Roma, January 15, 1563 (p. 194)

Al Preposito di Sant'Abbondio a Cremona (to the Prepositus of Sant'Abbondio in Cremona). Roma, January 29, 1563 (p. 201)

Varchi, [Benedetto]. Roma, February 4, 1563 (p. 202)

[Lenzi, Lorenzo], Vice-legate of Avignon. Roma, February 17, 1563 (p. 202)

[Puglia, Ermellina]. Roma, March 12, 1563 (p. 203)

Rossi Scotti, Giulia. Roma, May 8, 1563 (p. 204)

Commendone, [Francesco Giovanni]. Roma, May 8, 1563 (p. 204)

Conti, Torquato. Roma, May 9, 1563 (p. 206)

Nobili, Flaminio. Roma, May 15, 1563 (p. 206)

Rota, Bernardino. Roma, May 20, 1563 (p. 207)

Commendone, [Francesco Giovanni]. Roma, May 28, 1563 (p. 207)

Conti, Torquato. Roma, June 6, 1563 (p. 208)

Silvago, Rafael. Roma, July 3, 1563 (p. 209)

[Farnese, Ranuccio], Cardinal Sant'Angelo. Roma, August 18, 1563 (p. 211)

Commendone, [Francesco Giovanni]. Roma, August 28, 1563 (p. 212)

id. Roma, September 25, 1563 (p. 213)

id. Roma, September 30, 1563 (p. 214)

id. Roma, September 30, 1563 (p. 215)

[Farnese, Vittoria], Duchess of Urbino. Roma, October 14, 1563 (p. 215)

Venier, Domenico. Roma, October 15, 1563 (p. 216)

Guarini, [Giovanni] Battista. Frascati, November 13, 1563 (p. 217)

Puteo, [Giacomo]. Frascati, November 20, 1563 (p. 218)

Machiavelli, Tommaso. Roma, December 10, 1563 (p. 219)

Pugi, Ermellina. Roma, January 15, 1564 (p. 120, i.e. 220)

Odescalchi, [Paolo], Governor of Ancona. Roma, January 23, 1564 (p. 221)

Sala, [Jacopo]. Roma, February 20, 1564 (p. 222)

Petrucci, Ippolito, Dean of the University of Bologna. Roma, February 21, 1564 (p. 223)

Grassi, [Giovanni Pietro], Governor of Viterbo. Roma, March 10, 1564 (p. 224)

Anguillara, Giovanni Andrea dell'. Roma, April, 1564 (p. 225)

n.r. Roma, April 9, 1564 (p. 225)

Ruscelli, Girolamo. Roma, April 9, 1564 (p. 226)

Conti, Torquato. Roma, July 22, 1564 (p. 227)

A Madona… Roma, August 26, 1564 (p. 228)

n.r. Roma, September 30, 1564 (p. 228)

Speroni, Sperone. Roma, September 30, 1564 (p. 229)

[Farnese, Ranuccio], Cardinal Sant'Angelo. Roma, October 5, 1564 (p. 230)

Orsini, Vicino. Frascati, October 20, 1564 (p. 231)

[Capocaccia?], Mario. Roma, October 7, 1564 (p. 232)

Orsini, Vicino. Frascati, December 12, 1564 (p. 233)

Speroni, Sperone. Roma, January 6, 1565 (p. 238)

Ruscelli, Girolamo. Roma, January 13, 1565 (p. 239)

Valier, Agostino. Roma, January 20, 1565 (p. 240)

Perna, Ceccone. Roma, February 26, 1565 (p. 241)

Commendone, [Francesco Giovanni]. Roma, March 26, 1565 (p. 241)

Bertani, Goron. Frascati, April 5, 1565 (p. 242)

Medici, Asdrubale de'. Roma, April 24, 1565 (p. 243)

Silvago, Rafael. Roma, April 24, 1565 (p. 244)

[Valette, Jean de la], Grand Master of the Order of Malta. Roma, April 24, 1565 (p. 244)

[Gazia, Giovanni Giacomo], Governor of Foligno. Roma, April 28, 1565 (p. 245)

Panvinio, Onofrio. May 15, 1565 (p. 245)

Silvago, Rafael. Roma, June 19, 1565 (p. 250)

Commendone, [Francesco Giovanni]. Roma, July, 1565 (p. 251)

n.r. Roma, September 8, 1565 (p. 252)

[Varchi, Benedetto]. Frascati, September 14, 1565 (p. 252)

Martano, Tommaso. Frascati, September 14, 1565 (p. 254)

Orsini, Fulvio, Bishop of Spoleto. Frascati, September 14, 1565 (p. 254)

Farnese, [Alessandro]. Roma, November 14, 1565 (p. 255)

n.r. [Puglia, Ermellina or Rangoni, Claudia?]. Roma, December 19, 1565 (p. 256)

n.r. Roma, December 30, 1565 (p. 257)

Stufa, Pietro. Roma, January 12, 1566 (p. 258)

n.r. Roma, January 18, 1566 (p. 260)

Salviati, Leonardo. Roma, January 19, 1566 (p. 260)

Razzi, Silvano. Toscolano Avigliano, February 19, 1565 [recte 1566] (p. 261)

Vasari, Giorgio. Roma, March 2, 1566 (p. 262)

n.r. Roma, March 25, 1566 (p. 262)

n.r. Roma, March 28, 1566 (p. 262)

Razzi, Silvano. Roma, March 30, 1566 (p. 263)

[Bianchi, Bernardino], Prevosto della Scala. Roma, March 30, 1566 (p. 264)

[Salviati, Leonardo]. Roma, April 20, 1566 (p. 266)

Montelupi, Raffaello. [May-July, 1566] (p. 267)

Battiferri, Laura. [January 5, 1566] (p. 267)

Salviati, Lorenzo. Roma, July 20, 1566 (p. 269)

 

Annibal Caro, a native of Civitanova Marche, moved to Florence in 1525 after the first studies under the school master Rodolfo Iracinto. Here he entered the service of Giovanni Gaddi as a tutor of the latter's nephew Lorenzo Lenzi. In Florence he became a friend of Benedetto Varchi and Pier Vettori, who was instrumental to the accomplishment of his humanistic education.

From 1529 to 1542 he lived permanently in Rome, with the exception of two travels made in 1538 to Naples, where he attended the heterodox circle of Giulia Gonzaga and where he met Bernardino Ochino and Pietro Carnesecchi. In 1540 he is found in Venice, where he knew Pietro Aretino and Sperone Speroni.

In Rome Caro became a member of the famous Accademia dei Vignaiuoli, attended also by Francesco Maria Molza, Luca Contile, Gandolfo Porrino, Francesco Martelli, Luca Martini, and many others, and devoted himself to vernacular poetry on the model of Francesco Berni. In 1543, after the almost simultaneous death of his two major patrons, Giovanni Gaddi and Giovanni Guidiccioni, Caro offered his services to Pier Luigi Farnese in Piacenza. Then, from 1548 to 1563, he moved again to Rome as secretary of Alessandro Farnese, a post enabling him to obtain benefices and an income sufficient to assure him the tranquility necessary for his literary pursuits. Caro left the service of the Farnese in 1563 and spent the last years of his life in a small villa at Frascati editing his letters and bringing to completion his version of the Aeneid.

All his major works were published posthumously. In 1569 appeared his verse collection, Rime (Venice, Aldo Manuzio). In 1581, from the Giunta's presses, came out his famous translation of the Aeneid in blank verse, which became a Renaissance classic. Then in 1582 was published his only comedy, Gli Straccioni, which was first performed in Rome in 1543 (cf. G. Bascioni Brattini, Annibal Caro. Vita ed opere di un grande protagonista della cultura del 16. secolo, Civitanova Marche, 2006, passim).


De le lettere familiari? volume primo [-secondo]