Costituzione sopra li Matrimonii. Da noi annunziata l'Ordinario scorso, per tutto ciò che riguarda il Contratto civile, e li suoi effetti, la quale dovrà osservarsi da tutti li Sudditi Christiani di S.M. Imperiale. Incipit: Noi Giuseppe II. ec. ec. Arciduca d'Austria ec. ec. L'importanza de' Contratti matrimoniali, e lo stretto rapporto ch'essi hanno [?] At the end: Segnato Vienna il giorno 16. Del Mese di Gennajo 1783

Autore: JOSEPH II (Holy Roman Emperor, 1741-1790)


Dati tipografici: Milano, [1783]

Broadsheet (360x215 mm) printed in two columns on both sides. Traces of folding, small loss of paper to the left margin not affecting the text.


Apparently unrecorded edition. The “Josephinisches Gesetzbuch”, named after the Emperor Joseph II who promulgated it, officially and fully came into force on January 1, 1787, replacing the “Codex Theresianus iuris civilis” (1753), which had been wanted by Joseph's mother, Maria Theresa of Austria. However, the regulations of civil procedure (“Allgemeine Gerichtsordnung”), which included among other things a revision of marriage in a deeply secular and civilistic sense, was introduced in all Habsburg states as early as 1781. The part concerning civil contract and divorce, divided into 57 points, was translated into Italian and printed for the first time in Milan in 1783 by the Pirola brothers on behalf of the Vienna publisher Johann T. Trattner (Costituzione sopra li Matrimonj per tutto ciò, che riguarda il contratto civile, e li suoi effetti, la quale dovrà osservarsi da tutti li sudditi cristiani, 8vo, pp. 27).

At the same time there also appeared an annotated edition by Francesco Oetgens (Considerazioni sopra l'Imperiale Regia Costituzione del giorno 16. gennaio 1783. riguardante li matrimonj, Vienna, 1783, reprinted in Milan in 1784), which strongly emphasizes the secular turn of this reform of marriage and divorce, in which clear precedence is given to the civil contract between spouses over the religious value of marriage.