Iulia gens ab [?] Venere item a regibus Anco silicet Marcio Martii trahere originem perhibentur [?]. Manuscript scroll on parchment in Latin. [Italy, Rome?, first half of the 16th century]



Dati tipografici:

Scroll made of four pieces glued together overall measuring 2550x510 mm. Dark brown ink, names within a square or triangular or rhomboidal or spherical or semi-spherical frame (depending on the kinship type?) linked by double lines. Some staining, ink of a few lines slightly faded, some small marginal tear, overall well preserved.

The genealogical tree of the Gens Julia, more precisely of the Julii Caesares, here begins with Gaius Julius Caesar, the grandfather of the dictator, and his wife Marcia. It goes on through Gaius Julius Caesar, praetor, governor of Asia, and father of the dictator, who married Aurelia; Julia, aunt of the dictator, who married Gaius Marius; Caesar himself with all his wives (Cossutia, Cornelia, Pompeia, and Calpurnia), sisters, and the daughter Julia; Caesar Octavianus Augustus, the adopted son of the dictator and first emperor, with his wives and the sister Octavia; all the emperors of Julio-Claudian family and those of the following dynasties, which are genetically not related to the Gens Julia, up to Constantine the Great. The tree is thus a family tree only until Nero, the last emperor of the Gens Claudia, to actually become a sort of succession tree of Roman emperors, historically all considered as descendants of Julius Caesar. At the bottom of the scroll are the dates ab urbe condita from the alleged date of birth of Caesar's grandfather (not readable) to emperor Constantine's death in 338. Side notes contain historical and biographical information on the main figures collected from different sources.

This genealogical scroll most presumably originated within a humanistic circle with strong archeological interests relating to the history of ancient Rome, its topography and its coins, like that of Andrea Fulvio (c. 1470-1527) or Lucio Fauno (d. after 1552) or, a bit later, Pirro Ligorio (1510-1583), just to mention a few names. At the present stage of research, calligraphic comparisons have not led to any possible certain attribution.