Principj di scienza nuova di Giambattista Vico d’intorno alla comune natura delle nazioni in questa terza impressione dal medesimo autore in un gran numero di luoghi corretta, schiarita, e notabilmente accresciuta

Autore VICO, Giambattista (1668-1744).
Tipografo nella Stamperia Muziana, a spese di Gaetano e Stefano Elia
Dati tipografici Napoli, 
Prezzo € 3500.00
Principj di scienza nuova

Two volumes in one, 8vo (217x128 mm). Vol. I: author's portrait and allegorical frontispiece engraved by Francesco Sesoni (frontispiece after Domenico Antonio Vaccaro), [16], 376 pp. and 1 folding engraved table (Tavola cronologica). Engraved vignette on title page. Collation: A8 A-Z8 Aa4; Vol. II: [2], 379-526 [i.e. 516], [4] pp. Pages 441-450 omitted in numbering. Woodcut ornament on title page. Collation: Bb-Kk8. Contemporary vellum over boards, lettering piece on spine, sprinkled edges (lacking the last flyleaf). On rear pastedown the later notes: “As.1°T”, “L.A.6”, “1825”, “Luigi Branalli prà”. Skilfully repaired worm track on ll. F3-G1 affecting the text, slightly and uniformly browned, some gatherings more signifiantly browned, all in all a very good, genuine copy in a strictly contemporary binding.

THIRD AND DEFINITIVE EDITION of one of the most influential philosophical works of the 18th century.

Here Vico develops the theory that human history is cyclical. He may thus be considered the intellectual ancestor of modern philosophers of history such as Spengler and Toynbee; his theories on history and religion were also used by James Joyce.

“Vico inherited the conception of a cyclical pattern in history, an idea revived in our own day by Spengler and Toynbee [...] it was only in the 19th century that he was rediscovered and his influence has greatly increased since [...] Benedetto Croce has done much to spread the knowledge of Vico's contribution to historical scholarship [...]. The ‘Principles of a New Science regarding the Character of Natipons' [is] the vehicle by which the concept of historical development at last entered the thought of Western Europe” (Printing and the Mind of Man).

The first edition of the Scienza nuova appeared in Naples in 1725. In the following years, after reading a bad review of his book published in 1727 in the Leipzig “Acta eruditorum”, Vico decided to revise his work and published a second edition (Naples 1730). Still not contented with this revised edition, he took on his masterpiece yet again between 1736 and 1743, submitting it to a complete and radical rewriting. The third and final version of the ‘New Science' was issued in Naples in 1744 in two volumes.

The son of a bookseller from Naples, Vico received his higher education at the University of Naples from which he graduated in 1694 in civil and canon law. Perpetually affected by ill-health, in 1686 he accepted a tutoring position in Vatolla, south of Salerno, which he held until 1695. In 1699 he was appointed Professor of Rhetoric at the University of Naples, maintaining the chair until his health forced him to retire in 1741. In 1734 he was named Royal Historiographer by Charles III, King of Naples. He died in Naples in 1744.

Catalogo unico, IT\ICCU\NAPE\007130; Gamba, 2493; B. Croce & F. Nicolini, Bibliografia vichiana, Naples, 1947, I, pp. 52-53; PMM, 184 (for the first 1725 edition)

  • Principj di scienza nuova
  • Principj di scienza nuova
  • Principj di scienza nuova